Tibet has an ancient and distinctive cultural
tradition and an abundant and colorful heritage of
literature and the arts, Tibetan people are accomplished at
singing and dancing, Tibetan women have played an important
part in carrying on and spreading Tibetan culture and art.
''King Gesar'', the world's longest
epic created by the Tibetan people, existed only as an oral
history among the Tibetan people and was performed using
dialogue and pinging. It has incorporated almost all the
strong points of the Tibetan folk literature.
Among the well-known performers of the
epic is a woman named Gyu-me. Through dialogue and singing,
she can present more than 100 vivid personalities.
Gyu-me was born in 1959 Sog County. Her
father was a famous performer for "King Gesar"'
but he died while still fairly yoinng. Gyu-me herself can
sing 70 parts of this epic. In 1981 she was invited to Lhasa
to record the epic. By 1989 she had already recorded ten
parts, which totalled 4 million words, including the
''Fighting in Talin''. Her contribution has provided a means
to study this epic. Today the retrieval, collation and study
of this epic has been included in the state's key social
science research projects.
a Tibetan writer, has made a remarkable contribution to the
contemporary literature. As a state's first rank author,
both of her scenario, ''Ai the Remote Pasture'' and the
short story ''Beauty and Ugliness'' have won the national
editor-in-chief of the magazine ''Tibetan Literature,'' is a
new addition to the literary world, with the publication of
her novel, ''Rosy Stamen.'' Degyi Tsomo's short stories and
Pema Yangzom's verses are also well-received by readers.
Tibet is considered a sea of songs and
dances. Among Tibetans, Tsetop Dolma is the best performer.
A one-time serf, she has become the state's leading singer.
She has performed in many countries all over the world. In
1989 she won the national Golden Gramophone Award. She is
now the Vice- President of the China Federation of Literary
and Art Circles, Vice-president of the Association of
Chinese Musicians and Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous
Region Federation of Literary and Art Circles.
To help Tibetan culture and arts to
flourish, the local federation of literary and art circles
and the cultural department have set up the Qomolangma
Literary and Art Foundation through Tsetop Dolma's
proposition and efforts.
1993, the foundation held its first awards ceremony, at
which Tsetop Dolma and other leaders awarded 32 writers and
artists and an artists' collective the Qomolangma golden
Image Prize, the highest honor for literal and artistic
achievements in the Tibet Autonomous Region.
Tsering Sangmo is an expert in Tibetan
dance and an outstanding Tibetan dance educator. She is now
a member of the Chinese Dancers' Association and a member of
the Council of the Chinese Society of Ethnic Dances.
In 1959 Tsering Sangmo began dance
training classes in Beijing's Central Institute for
Nationalities and became one of the first group of female
Tibetan students who specialized in dancing since the
peaceful liberation of Tibet.
later she graduated as one of the top students and began a
successful career as a performer. The Tibetan dances she
choreographed have won prizes both at home and abroad.
She has traveled all over Tibet to
research into and collect various traditional dances. On the
basis of her studies, she has written the first teaching
material for dance, which has brought the history of Tibetan
dance from oral histories to the page. This was the first
textbook on Tibetan dances which was awarded the top prize
for teaching materials by the institute. It has been chosen
by more than ten artistic schools, institutes and art
troupes in the country to train their students.
Now Tsering Sangmo has hundreds of
students. At the three National Artistic Schools and
Institutes ' Taoli Cup Competitions of Chinese Dances, seven
of her students won the prizes for their performances, the
prizes for ten best performances for youth group and
Dolma, a young Tibetan
dancer who is also a student of Tsering Sangmo, won the
highest award at the second Taoli Cup dance competition and
the honor of one of the Ten Best National Dancers. Like her
teacher, Dolma loves her own nationality and native home.
Every year she returns to that piece of land where she was
brought up to feel the extensiveness and profoundness of the
Tibetan culture. She has brought new life to the Tibetan
dances, using techniques of exaggeration and distortion. She
blends Tibetan folk dancing traditions using taps and
revolutions with other styles, and has evolved the Tibetan
dances from original self-entertainment to an unrestrained
dancing with aesthetic bearing and a strong national flavor.
Dolma's dances, ''The Qomolangma, ''
''The Yarlung Zangbo River '' ''Mother'' and ''The Morning
Song In Plateau'' have caused a sensation at home and
During a performance on
Mothers' Day, she told the audience in the Tibetan language,
''please allow me to present my dances to my mother and all
the mothers in the remote snowy plateau.''
To train more young Tibetan artistic
talents, the University of Tibet has set up an arts
department, where young people can study painting, music,
dance and receive a good education.
Among the paintings displayed in the
showroom within University of Tibet, many are painted by
Tsering Degyi's oil
painting ''Three Lhasa Girls'' and Degyi Yangzom's ''Moonlit
Night'' possess the strong charm of the Tibetan nationality.
Byangchub-Mdzesma is a worthy Tibetan
painter. Her works include Tibetan "Tangka'' paintings,
oil paintings and prints. On many occasions her work has
been included in national art exhibitions and in touring
exhibitions in Japan, Algeria and Hong Kong. Her name has
been entered into the Chinese Art Dictionary and the Who's
Who of the Chinese Current Arts Circles.
In midwinter of 1992, a fashion show
team from the roof of the world appeared onstage in Beijing.
It was the first time the Lhasa fashion show participants,
comprising nine young Tibetan women, had the chance to leave
Tibet and visit Beijing. Among the eight models were
included TV anchors from the Tibet Television Station,
actresses from the Tibetan Opera Troupe and Singing and
Dancing Assembly, and members of a partial arts team. Their
show had a strong, national style.
'There are some people who don't
understand Tibet and think that Tibet is still closed
today,'' said Lhamo, 24, one of the performers, ''If is not
like that, through our performance, we hope to help people
get to know more about the development in Tibet, about what
Tibetan people are thinking and to know that both the
ancient and young, traditional and modern, co-exist in
Tibet. We are seeking for beauty, longing for development.
We are looking at the outside world from the roof of the
The woman who once stood the
highest in the world is Aehentog, a Tibetan mountaineer.
On July 7, 1957, Pehentog, along with
Shes-rab, Cheme led Tsamchoe, climbed Mount Muztagata and
broke the previous women's mountain climbing world record of
7.456 meter, which had just been set by a French
mountaineer. In 1974, Pehentog, who used to be a serf before
the aeration, was already 36 years old and a mother of three
children. When she learned the news about conquering the
world's first peak, she resolutely signed up to participate
in the climb.
On May 27, 1974, after an
11-day struggle between life and death, Pehentog became the
first woman in the world to climb Mount Qomolangma from the
northern slope. At the top of the mountain, she and others
determined the exact height of the Qomolangma to be 8848.13
meters above sea level. Standing on the ice and snow on the
peak, Pehentog performed the first remote electrocardiogram
at the top of the each.
Today in Tibet
there are a great many women like Pehentog. They are working
hard in various fields, and they have as much courage and
confidence as Pehentog.